Home Forums The Japanese Language The てる ending.

This topic contains 3 replies, has 3 voices, and was last updated by  Michael Lowrey 10 years, 5 months ago.

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    Recently I have come across the verb ending てる and was wondering if anybody could explain what this means. I have seen this in the past but figured I would learn it going through TF but I have finished the lessons here and can not recall learning it. So if anyone could explain this to me as well as other potential conjugations that carry the same meaning, assuming it is something fairly similar in structure, I would really appreciate it.

    On a side note if anyone knows a place I should go next for my next japanese lessons or if you have an idea of when TF will be updated again, I would love to hear about that as well. Again I really appreciate any input that I can get.



    The てる ending is short for ている, which is the casual form of ています. It’s the present progressive conjugation of a verb; in other words, it is used to express a continuing state of action.

    I am eating. 私は食べています。 or 食べてる。
    What are you drinking? 何を飲んでいますか? or 何を飲んでる?

    It also has a second function, but I don’t know if you’re at this level yet. The second meaning of this grammar is used to express an enduring state of action; that is, a completion of an act. The best translation to English would be “I have…” (not as in “I have done this before in my experience”, but as in “I have read it” or “I have finished my homework”).

    知っている。 I know (or I have known). The reason why this sentence uses ている is that it isn’t talking about a daily or generic action, but an enduring action. 知る would translate to “I do the action of knowing,” while 知っている means “I (presently) know or am aware.”
    結婚している often means I am married (not I marry). Marriage is seen as a past event that has been completed as an enduring state.
    行っている often means “I have gone” and often implies that someone has already arrived. They already went and are now in an enduring state.

    Well, if you’re a beginner, then I don’t expect you to memorize the second function. The first function is more fundamental.



    “On a side note if anyone knows a place I should go next for my next japanese lessons”


    This too is from Koichi and is what I believe was originally going to be the intermediate section of TextFugu, but he made it a separate thing instead.

    Can’t tell you if it’s any good though, as I haven’t finished TextFugu yet.

    You can also check out http://www.wanikani.com/ for more Kanji from Koichi.

    A few more Japanese sites that people around here tend to hang around:


    All have discounts for being a TextFugu member.



    Thanks guys, I have finished the lessons here on TF so am somewhat familiar with those grammar points but didn’t realize that てる was a contraction of ている, so thank you. I realize TF set up some deals with site for continued learning but want sure if there was an overwhelming preference for one site over another. I currently use WK when I can and browse etoeto on occasion but around 400 kanji doesn’t allow me to read a whole lot there. Thanks again for the input on this.

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